During the last 20 years, SAM has developed a multiplicity of hypothesis-driven conservation and restoration projects. Being home to the oldest Community-based coral aquaculture and reef rehabilitation program in the Caribbean, we aim to develop a variety of scientific publications that highlight our commitment towards the conservatiion of our marine resources. Most publica­tions are freely available on our website.

Peer reviewed publications

2022

Edwin A. Hernández Delgado Elisa Bayraktarov, Valeria Pizarro

Joining global efforts to halt coral reef decline: a call for more diversity, equity, and inclusion at international scientific meetings Journal Article

In: Reef Ecounter, vol. 37, iss. 1, pp. 28-35, 2022, ISSN: 0225-27987.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Ruiz-Diaz, C. P.; Toledo-Hernández, C.; Sánchez-González, J. L.; Betancourt, B.

The Effects of Depth-Related Environmental Factors on Traits in Acropora cervicornis Raised in Nurseries. Journal Article

In: Water, vol. 14, iss. 2, pp. 212, 2022.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2021

Ramírez-Lugo, Toledo-Hernández J. S.

CREARE: A Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience To Study the Responses of the Endangered Coral Acropora cervicornis to a Changing Environment. Journal Article

In: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 1-68, 2021.

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Cortés-Useche, C.; Hernández-Delgado, E. A.; Calle-Triviño, J.; Blasco, R. S.; Galván, V.; Arias-González, J. E. (2021).

Conservation actions and ecological context: optimizing coral reef local management in the Dominican Republic. Journal Article

In: Peerj, vol. 9, pp. 10925, 2021.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2020

Gómez-Andújar, E. A. Hernández-Delgado. NX

Spatial benthic community analysis of shallow coral reefs to support coastal management in Culebra Island, Puerto Rico. Journal Article

In: PeerJ e10080., 2020.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Zimmerman, J. K.; Willig, M. R.; Hernandez‐Delgado, E. A.

Resistance, resilience, and vulnerability of social‐ecological systems to hurricanes in Puerto Rico. Journal Article

In: Ecosphere, vol. 11, iss. 10, pp. e03159, 2020.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Precht, R. B. Aronson W. F.; 2020., I. M. Côté

The timing and causality of ecological shifts on Caribbean coral reefs. Journal Article

In: Advances in Marine Biology, vol. 87, no. 1, 2020.

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Sabat, E. A. Hernández-Delgado A. E. Mercado-Molina; A. M.

Population dynamics of diseased corals: Effects of a Shut Down Reaction outbreak in Puerto Rican Acropora cervicornis Journal Article

In: Advance in Marine Biology, vol. 87, 2020.

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Rodríguez-Casariego, Mercado-Molina J. A.

Genome-wide DNA methylation analysis reveals a conserved epigenetic response to seasonal environmental variation in the staghorn coral Acropora cervicornis. Journal Article

In: Frontiers in Marine Science, 2020.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Bayraktarov, M. Angel E.

Review of coral reef restoration efforts in Latin American countries and territories Journal Article

In: Plos ONE, vol. 15, no. 8, 2020.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Hernández-Delgado, C. P. Ruíz-Díaz C. Toledo-Hernández E. A.; Coasts,

Hurricane Impacts and the Resilience of the Invasive Sea Vine, Halophila stipulacea: a Case Study from Puerto Rico. Journal Article

In: Estuaries and Coasts, vol. 43, pp. 1263–1283, 2020.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2019

Weil, M. González E. A. Hernández-Delgado E.; Metz-Estrella., T

Spread of the new coral disease “SCTLD” into the Caribbean: implications for Puerto Rico. Journal Article

In: Reef Encounter, vol. 34, pp. 38-43, 2019.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Otaño-Cruz, Noelia M. García-Rodríguez Alfredo A. Montañez-Acuña Abimarie; Hernández-Delgado., Edwin A.

Caribbean Near-Shore Coral Reef Benthic Community Response to Changes on Sedimentation Dynamics and Environmental Conditions. Journal Article

In: Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 6, pp. 551, 2019.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

P.Ruiz-Diaz, Juan S. Ramírez-Lugo Carlos Toledo-Hernández Aniel Nieves-Gonzáleza; Claudia

A mathematical model of the interactions between Acropora cervicornis and its environment Journal Article

In: Ecological Modelling, vol. 406, pp. 7-22, 2019.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Precht, T. A. Gardner R. B. Aronson W. F.

NON-RANDOM TIMING OF ECOLOGICAL SHIFTS ON CARIBBEAN CORAL REEFS SUGGESTS REGIONAL CAUSES OF CHANGE Journal Article

In: Advance in Marine Biology, vol. 87, 2019.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Norat-Ramíreza, E. A. Hernández-Delgadob P. Méndez-Lázaro J.

A septic waste index model to measure the impact of septic tanks on coastal water quality and coral reef communities in Rincon, Puerto Rico Journal Article

In: Ocean & Coastal Management, vol. 169, pp. 201-213, 2019.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2018

Toledo-Hernández, Edwin A. Hernández-Delgado Claudia P. Ruiz-Diaz Carlos; Suleimán-Ramos, Samuel E.

Devastation of 15-year old Community-based Coral Farming and Reef-restoration Sites in Puerto Rico by Major Hurricanes Irma and María Journal Article

In: Caribbean Naturalist, no. 53, pp. 1-6, 2018.

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Mercado-Molina, Jaime Fonseca-Miranda Fabiola Rivera-Irizarry Alex E.

Growth facilitation by the octocoral Gorgonia ventalina explains spatial difference in the population size structure of the common demosponge Ircinia felix Journal Article

In: Marine Biology Research, vol. 14, 2018, no. 1, pp. 41 - 51, 2018.

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Mercado-Molina, AM Sabat. CP Ruiz-Diaz AE

Tissue loss rather than colony size determines the demographic fate of the branching coral Acropora cervicornis. Journal Article

In: Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 597, pp. 147-159, 2018, ISSN: 0171-8630.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Pérez-Pagán, AE Mercado-Molina. BS

Evaluation of the effectiveness of 3D-printed corals to attract coral reef fish at Tamarindo Reef, Culebra, Puerto Rico. Journal Article

In: Conservation Evidence, vol. 15, pp. 43-47, 2018, ISSN: 1758-2067.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Hernández-Delgado, SE Suleimán-Ramos. AE Mercado-Molina EA

Multi-Disciplinary Lessons Learned from Low-Tech Coral Farming and Reef Rehabilitation: I. Best Management Practices Online

Intechopen 2018, visited: 28.03.2018.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Hernández-Delgado, SE Suleimán-Ramos AE Mercado-Molina EA

Multi-disciplinary Lessons Learned from Low-Tech Coral Farming and Reef Rehabilitation: II. Coral Demography and Social-Ecological Benefits Online

Intechopen 2018, visited: 22.03.2018.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2017

Rivera-Irizarry, Jaime Fonseca-Miranda Yesenia Bruno-Laureano Alex E. Mercado-Molina Fabiola

Growth facilitation by the octocoral Gorgonia ventalina explains spatial difference in the population size structure of the common demosponge Ircinia felix Journal Article

In: Marine Biology Research, pp. 1-100, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Soto-Santiago, K Reyes-Maldonado A Mercado-Molina FJ

Comparative demography of two common scleractinian corals: Orbicella annularis and Porites astreoides Journal Article

In: PeerJ, vol. 5, pp. 1-18, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Godoy-Vitorino, Abigail Rivera-Seda Claudia P. Ruiz-Diaz Filipa; Toledo-Hernández, Carlos

The microbial biosphere of the coral Acropora cervicornis in Northeastern Puerto Rico Journal Article

In: PeerJ, vol. 10, no. 3717, pp. 15, 2017.

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Toledo-Hernández, Liz M. Díaz-Vázquez Claudia P. Ruiz-Diaz Carlos; Roberson5, Loretta M.

Comparison of chemical compounds associated with sclerites from healthy and diseased sea fan corals (Gorgonia ventalina) Journal Article

In: PeerJ, vol. 10, no. 3677, pp. 9, 2017.

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Otaño-Cruz, Valeria Torres-López Alfredo A. Montañez-Acuña Abimarie

Effects of Changing Weather, Oceanographic Conditions, and Land Uses on Spatio-Temporal Variation of Sedimentation Dynamics along Near-Shore Coral Reefs Journal Article

In: Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 4, no. 249, pp. 1-17, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Hernandez-Delgado, Hernando Mattei Jeiger L. Medina-Muñiz Edwin A

Unsustainable Land Use, Sediment-Laden Runoff, and Chronic Raw Sewage Offset the Benefits of Coral Reef Ecosystems in a No-Take Marine Protected Area Journal Article

In: Environmental Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 292-333, 2017.

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Rosado-Matías, Edwin A. Hernández-Delgado Bernard J.

Long-Lasting Impacts of Beach Renourishment on nearshore Urban Coral Reefs: a Glimpse of Future Impacts of Shoreline Erosion, Climate Change and Sea Level Rise Journal Article

In: Annals of Marine Biology and Research, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-17, 2017.

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Soto-Santiago, Mercado-Molina Alex E. Francisco J.

Physiological Response to Thermal Stress of the Caribbean Corals Orbicella annularis and Porites astreoides. Journal Article

In: Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 48-57, 2017, ISSN: 1819-3412.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2016

Mercado-Molina, Alberto M. Sabat Claudia Patricia Ruiz-Diaz Alex E.

Branching dynamics of transplanted colonies of the threatened coral Acropora cervicornis: Morphogenesis, complexity, and modeling Journal Article

In: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 482, pp. 134-141, 2016.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Toledo-Hernández, Luis Ramírez-Camejo Claudia Patricia Ruiz-Diaz Carlos

The role of sclerites in the defense against pathogens of the sea fan Gorgonia ventalina (Octocorallia) Journal Article

In: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 483, pp. 20-04, 2016.

Abstract | BibTeX

Ruiz-Diaz, Alex E. Mercado-Molina Carlos Toledo-Hernandez Claudia P.

The role of coral colony health state in the recovery of lesions Journal Article

In: Peer J, vol. PeerJ 4:e1531, 2016.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Ruiz-Diaz, Alex E. Mercado-Molina Carlos Toledo-Hernandez Claudia P.

Scraping and extirpating: two strategies to induce recovery of diseased Gorgonia ventalina sea fans Journal Article

In: Marine Ecology, 2016.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2015

Hernández-Delgado, Edwin A.

The emerging threats of climate change on tropical coastal ecosystem services, public health, local economies and livelihood sustainability of small islands: Cumulative impacts and synergies Journal Article

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 5-28, 2015.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Mercado-Molina, Marıa E. Perez Claudia P. Ruiz-Diaz Alex E.

Demography of the threatened coral Acropora cervicornis: implications for its management and conservation Journal Article

In: Coral Reefs, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 1113-1124, 2015.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Torres-Pérez, Roy A. Armstrong Liane S. Guild Juan L.

Relative Pigment Composition and Remote Sensing Reflectance of Caribbean ShallowWater Corals Journal Article

In: PlosONE, 2015.

Links | BibTeX

Mercado-Molina, Claudia P. Ruiz-Diaz Alex E.; Sabat, Alberto M.

Demographics and dynamics of two restored populations of the threatened reef-building coral Acropora cervicornis Journal Article

In: Journal for Nature Conservation, vol. 24, pp. 17-23, 2015.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2014

Mercado-Molina, Ruber Rodri’guez-Barreras Alfredo Montanez-Acuna Alex E.; Sabat, Alberto M.

Revisiting the population status of the sea urchin Diadema antillarum in northern Puerto Rico Journal Article

In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, no. doi:10.1017/S002531541400188X, pp. 1-8, 2014.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Hernández-Delgado, Pedro J. Alejandro-Camis Alex E. Mercado-Molina Edwin A.

Community-Based Coral Reef Rehabilitation in a Changing Climate: Lessons Learned from Hurricanes, Extreme Rainfall, and Changing Land Use Impacts Journal Article

In: Open Journal of Ecology, vol. 4, pp. 918-944, 2014.

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Hernández-Delgado, Carmen M. González-Ramos Edwin A.; Alejandro-Camis, Pedro J.

Large-scale coral recruitment patterns on Mona Island, Puerto Rico: evidence of a transitional community trajectory after massive coral bleaching and mortality Journal Article

In: Revista Biologia Tropical, vol. Vol. 62, no. Supl.3, pp. 49-64, 2014.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Hernández-Delgado, Abimarie Otaño-Cruz Alfredo Montañez-Acuña Edwin A.; Suleimán-Ramos, Samuel E.

Bomb-cratered coral reefs in Puerto Rico, the untold story about a novel habitat: from reef destruction to community-based ecological rehabilitation Journal Article

In: Revista Biologia Tropical, vol. Vol. 62, no. Suppl. 3, pp. 183-200, 2014.

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Díaz-Ortega, Geraldine; Hernández-Delgado, Edwin A.

Unsustainable Land-Based Source Pollution in a Climate of Change: A Roadblock to the Conservation and Recovery of Elkhorn Coral Acropora palmata (Lamarck 1816) Journal Article

In: Natural Resources, vol. 5, pp. 561-581, 2014.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

and Alberto M. Sabat Manoj Shivlani Edwin A. Hernández-Delgado,

Ecosystem-Based and Community-Based Model Integration to Designate Coral Reef No-Take Marine Protected Areas: A Case Study from Puerto Rico Journal Article

In: Natural Resources, vol. 5, pp. 538-560, 2014.

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Mercado-Molina, Claudia Patricia Ruiz-Diaz Alex E.; Sabat, Alberto M.

Survival, growth, and branch production of unattached fragments of the threatened hermatypic coral Acropora cervicornis Journal Article

In: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 457, pp. 215-219, 2014.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Hernández-Delgado, Edwin A.; Suleimán-Ramos, Samuel E.

E.S.A. CORAL SPECIES LISTING: A ROADBLOCK TO COMMUNITY-BASED ENGAGEMENT IN CORAL REEF CONSERVATION AND REHABILITATION ACROSS THE U.S. CARIBBEAN? Journal Article

In: vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 11-15, 2014.

Links | BibTeX

2013

Molina, José E. Rivera Rivera Edwin A. Hernández Delgado Alex Mercado

PROTOCOLO PARA LA PROPAGACIÓN Y LA RESTAURACIÓN DE POBLACIONES DEL CORAL CUERNO DE CIERVO, ACROPORA CERVICORNIS: ESTRATEGIAS DE BAJO COSTO DE LA SOCIEDAD AMBIENTE MARINO Technical Manual

Sociedad Ambiente Marino 2013.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX